A heat pump is an energy-efficient substitute for the furnace and cooling systems in a home’s heating and cooling system. A heat pump transfers heat from the cool to a warm space using electricity. In the winter, it absorbs heat from the environment and uses it to warm your home. It cools your home by transferring heat from inside to outside during summer.
Because it doesn’t generate heat, a heat pump is much more efficient than just a furnace since it merely moves it. Although it doesn’t produce heat, it can keep your home at a reasonable temperature.
The most common heating equipment used by most houses is a furnace. This household device generates energy in your home using a fuel source, most commonly natural gas. Your furnace generates heat and distributes it around your home by using a pilot light or perhaps an electrical ignition.
The burner which burns the oil, the exchangers that transmit the heat, the blower fan that distributes the heat in the home, and the flue that serves as an exhaust to gaseous by-products are the main components of a furnace.
How do they perform?
Furnaces use oil or gas to generate heat, whereas heat pumps use electricity to pull heat from the outside air, even frigid air, and transfer it within. Heat pumps create less heat than furnaces and perform best within warmer climates by how they work
Heat pumps are much more adaptable in generating indoor comfort because they can offer heat in the winter and cool in the summer. This means that people living in hotter regions can use a pumping system to heat the water in their homes. On the other hand, Furnaces only offer heat, so you’ll need a separate air conditioner to keep your home cool throughout the summer.
While the two items serve different purposes, a furnace can be combined with a heat pump to create a dual fuel heating and cooling system in some regions. A dual-fuel heating system can save you money. Combining a propane furnace with just an air-source heating system is one example. The system would gauge the external temperature using two heat sources.
It isn’t easy to compare the energy efficiency of gas furnaces with heat pump systems. Heat pumps are technically highly energy efficient because they can transmit more energy than they consume. A high-efficiency oil and gas furnace, such as the Continental Infinity 98 featuring Greenspeed Intelligence, on the other hand, can achieve up to 98.5 percent efficiency (AFUE).
This is where things get a little more complicated. In warmer climates, high-efficiency heat pumps consume less energy intensity than gas furnaces. Gas furnaces that are 95 percent efficient perform better with ENERGY STAR heating systems in colder areas. In addition, because natural gas is less expensive than electricity, lifetime operational expenses should be addressed.
Preventative maintenance will help heat pumps & furnaces last longer and run more effectively. Air filters are included in both systems, and most homes can easily replace them. An outdoor unit and an indoor unit are included in most residential heat pump systems, and they should be cleaned and examined once a year.
Although a gas furnace doesn’t require an external unit, it is frequently used in conjunction with such a central air conditioner. Based on your specific system, your Carrier specialist can propose the best servicing schedule for you.
Furnaces are typically installed indoors and require 30 inches of space on all sides. A heat pump is put outside and needs only 24 inches of clearance. A standard air-source heat pump system, on the other hand, necessitates the use of a fan coil as an indoor air handler. Carrier has a complete variety of furnaces, including gas furnaces that can be converted into propane furnaces & heat pumps, to meet the needs of practically every home.
Oil furnace vs. heat pump
If you live in an area where oil furnaces are widespread, the discussion between an oil furnace and a heat pump is similar to the debate between a gas furnace and a heat pump.
With oil furnaces, you’ll have to factor in the expense of installation; a heat pump, on the other hand, necessitates either an outdoor unit or an air handler. It would help if you also thought about the price of heating oil against the price of electricity. High-efficiency heat pumps could be an excellent and effective solution in milder climes. Even when the temp drops well below zero in cold areas, an oil furnace could be able to give reliable comfort.
You’ll need to make sure you don’t run out of oil with just an oil furnace, whereas a heating system will keep running as long as there isn’t a power outage. When all other factors are considered, and you’re still undecided, it may come down to whatever type of electric heating you prefer.
Electric furnace vs. heat pump
When comparing an electric furnace to a heat pump, the significant resemblance is that both utilize energy to heat the home. Both are more common in southern areas, where winters are milder, and cooling takes precedence over overheating. Heat pumps utilize electricity to transmit healing energy from the outside to the inside, whereas electric furnaces utilize electric coils to generate heat. Electric resistive heating coils inside the air handler device (fan coil) are used in heating systems, particularly in cold areas, as a backup source of heat for more extreme weather.
Although electric furnaces are touted as being 100 percent energy efficient, they can cost nearly 2.5 times as much as a standard heat pump to achieve the same heat results.
A heat pump device can also be used to cool and heat. An electrical furnace will require assistance from the air, conditioning, or even other forms of cooling comfort during the summer. Keep in mind that most of our heat pump discussion points focus on air-source, dividing, forced-air heat pumps, which are the most prevalent form of heat pump utilized in the United States. If you’re interested in geothermal and ground-source heat pumps, you’ll notice that they offer many of the same advantages.
They can reach far higher energy efficiency than air-source devices, but they also have a higher initial installation cost. Another option is ductless split-system heat pumps, which are more widely utilized within commercial buildings in the City and for house extensions and increasing comfort in older homes without ducting.